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Title: Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) and Mobile Learning (m-Learning): A Survey

Authors: Mutuma Ichaba, Josephine W. Nyaga, Catherine Maina

 DOI : https://dx.doi.org/10.18535/ijetst/v5i7.01

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Mutuma Ichaba

Faculty of Computing and Information Management, KCA University, Kenya

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Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs) have many uses. Education is one of the many areas in which MANETs have been applied. MANETs in education have been proposed in the creation of mobile virtual classrooms to boost ubiquitous learning. While ubiquitous learning may be enabled through general e-learning, this paper concentrates on m-learning that is based on MANETs’ principles.  MANETs-based mobile virtual classrooms have been suggested for improving learning in marginalized areas—particularly in the developing countries. In addition, there are researchers who view MANETs as the future of e-Learning. As smartphones and smart devices become an integral part of our society, MANETs are viewed as cheaper way of forming networks in instances that traditional networks may not be feasible, damaged or lacking altogether. Because they do not require pre-existing infrastructure, MANETs are cheaper and more flexible to establish and launch. Mobile nodes/devices make up MANET networks. Network nodes can join or leave the network without affecting the overall functioning of other nodes. The ability of MANETs to reconfigure themselves without the need of conventional administration makes them very dynamic. In this article, the writer attempts to present the state of the art in the area of MANETs and m-learning. This paper attempts to identify the areas of convergence and divergence in MANETs and m-learning as reported in the literature. This article presents the MANETs frameworks proposed for mobile virtual classrooms, their shortcomings, their effectiveness, and possible areas for further improvements. Furthermore, the paper tries to present the history and advancement of MANETs in relation to mobile virtual classrooms. In every instance, the writer attempts to relate the two—MANETs and m-Learning. 

Keywords: Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (MANETs), Virtual Classrooms, Mobile Learning (m-Learning), Ubiquitous Learning, e-Learning.