Patterns of Prosthetic Treatment Modalities in Implant Dentistry in a Saudi Population

  • Rahaf Al-Safadi Department of Preventive Dentistry, University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Thamer Al-Gannass University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Abdullah Al-Baraki University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Naif Bin Fnais University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Abdullah Abomelha University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammad Al-Shuaibi University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Alfadhel Hamami University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Reem Al-Turki University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Hanin Al-Sugair University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Randa Mohammed University Dental Hospital, College of Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abstract

Aim:The aim of this study was to detect and describe the patterns of implant prosthetic treatment modalities placed in partially and fully edentulous Saudi patients restored with dental implants in Saudi Arabia, and to detect the status of the health insurance covering dental implants in Saudi Arabia.

Materials and Methods: 520 Saudi patients aged ≥18 years residing in Saudi Arabia and treated with at least one dental implant done in dental health premises in Saudi Arabia were randomly included in the study. Clinical and radiographic examination were used to detect implant prostheses types (single-tooth implant, implant-supported long or short span conventional fixed bridge, implant overdenture). The health insurance covering dental implants was detected too. The data obtained including age, gender, systemic disease, and tobacco smoking were documented in a patient examination form then statistically analyzed using Chi-Square Test and U-Test.

Results: The most frequently tooth type replaced by dental implants was the molars (45.5%), followed by premolars (40%), incisors (7.7%), and canines (6.8%); mandibular first molars were the most common tooth type replaced by implants. Single-tooth implant was the most common prosthetic treatment modality (85.2%), followed by implant-supported short span conventional fixed bridge (9.8%), implant overdenture (2.8%), and implant-supported long span conventional fixed bridge (2.2%). The majority of implant overdenture prostheses were seen in the age group ≥ 60 years. Implant-supported long span fixed bridge prostheses were more in patients aged ≥ 50 years than in patients aged < 50 years, while single-tooth implant prostheses were more in patients aged < 50 years than in patients aged ≥ 50 years. Of all teeth types replaced by dental implants, molars were the most common type seen in implant-supported long span fixed bridges and in single-tooth implants, whereas canines were the most common type seen in overdentures. There was an insignificant difference in the median number of dental implants between males and females.

Conclusion: Single-tooth implant is major. Health insurance policy doesn’t cover dental implants in Saudi Arabia.

Keywords: Implant, Modalities, Prostheses/Prosthetic, Type

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Brånemark PI, Adell R, Breine U, Hansson BO, Lindström J, Ohlsson A. Intra-osseous anchorage of dental prostheses: I. Experimental studies. Scand J PlastReconstr Surg. 1969;3(2):81–100.

Elani HW, Starr JR, Da Silva JD, Gallucci GO. Trends in dental implant use in the U.S., 1999–2016, and projections to 2026. J Dent Res. 2018;97(13):1424–1430.

Forum SJ. Implant complications: scope of the problem. In: Forum SJ, ed. Dental Implant Complications: Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010:1-8.

Feine JS, Carlsson GE, Awad MA, et al. The McGill consensus statement on overdentures. Mandibular two-implant overdentures as first choice standard of care for edentulous patients. Gerodontology. 2002;19(1):3-4.

Buser D, Sennerby L, De Bruyn H. Modern implant dentistry based on osseointegration: 50 years of progress, current trends and open questions. Periodontol 2000. 2017;73(1):7–21.

Buser D, Janner SF, Wittneben JG, Brägger U, Ramseier CA, Salvi GE. 10-year survival and success rates of 511 titanium implants with a sandblasted and acid-etched surface: a retrospective study in 303 partially edentulous patients. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2012;14(6):839–851.

Degidi M, Nardi D, Piattelli A. 10-year follow-up of immediately loaded implants with TiUnite porous anodized surface. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2012;14(6):828–838.

Fischer K, Stenberg T. Prospective 10-year cohort study based on a randomized controlled trial (RCT) on implant-supported full-arch maxillary prostheses. Part 1: sandblasted and acid-etched implants and mucosal tissue. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2012;14(6):808–815.

Gotfredsen K. A 10-year prospective study of single tooth implants placed in the anterior maxilla. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2012;14(1):80–87.

Jivraj S, Chee W. Rationale for dental implants. Br Dent J. 2006;200(12):661–665.

Scurria MS, Bader JD, Shugars DA. Meta-analysis of fixed partial denture survival: prostheses and abutments. J Prosthet Dent. 1998;79(4):459–464.

Walton TR. An up to 15-year longitudinal study of 515 metal-ceramic FPDs: Part 1. outcome. Int J Prosthodont. 2002;15(5):439-445.

Murray CM, Thomson WM, Leichter JW. Dental implant use in New Zealand: A 10-year update. N Z dent J. 2016;112(2):49-54.

Palmer RM, Smith BJ, Howe LC, Palmer PJ, eds. Implants in Clinical Dentistry. London: Martin Dunitz; 2002.

Palmer RM, Howe LC, Palmer PJ, eds. Implants in Clinical Dentistry. 2nd ed. London: Informa Healthcare; 2012.

Sonis ST, ed. Dental Secrets. 4th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier; 2015.

Help and Support / Frequently Asked Questions: Does the cooperative health insurance policy cover alternative body organs transplants that replace any organ in whole or in part?. Council of Cooperative Health Insurance. https://www.cchi.gov.sa/en/Help/FAQ/Pages/default.aspx?PageIndex=4. Accessed December 14, 2019.

Frequently Asked Questions: Does the cooperative health insurance policy cover alternative body organs transplants that replace any organ in whole or in part?. Council of Cooperative Health Insurance. https://www.cchi.gov.sa/en/Insureds/FAQ/Pages/FAQ-38.aspx. Published July 23, 2018. Accessed December 14, 2019.

Al-Safadi R, Al-Safadi R, Al-Safadi R, et al. Prevalence of and reasons for tooth loss in a Saudi population. Int J Emerg Trends Sci Technol. 2019;6(2):6774 -6786.

Al-Safadi R, Al-Safadi R, Al-Safadi R, et al. Patterns of and reasons for permanent tooth extractions in a Saudi population. Int J Emerg Trends Sci Technol. 2019;6(5):6811-6821.

ELsyad MA, Elsaadawy MG, Abdou AM, Habib AA. Effect of different implant postitions on strain developed around four implants supporting a mandibular overdenture with rigid telescope copings. Quintessence Int. 2013;44(9):679-686.

Buhara O, Pehlivan S. Estimating the importance of significant risk factors for early dental implant failure: a Monte Carlo simulation. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2018;33(1):161-168.

Rose LF, Mealey BL. Implant complications associated with systemic disorders and medications. In: Forum SJ, ed. Dental Implant Complications: Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010:9-45.

Byrne G, ed. Fundamentals of Implant Dentistry. Ames, Iowa: John Wiley & Sons; 2014.

Khadivi V, Anderson J, Zarb GA. Cardiovascular disease and treatment outcomes with osseointegration surgery. J Prosthet Dent. 1999;81(5):533–536.

Moy PK, Medina D, Shetty V, Aghaloo TL. Dental implant failure rates and associated risk factors. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants. 2005;20(4):569-577.

Wagner F, Schuder K, Hof M, Heuberer S, Seemann R, Dvorak G. Does osteoporosis influence the marginal peri-implant bone level in female patients? A cross-sectional study in a matched collective. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2017;19(4):616–623.

Walter C, Al-Nawas B, Wolff T, Schiegnitz E, Grötz KA. Dental implants in patients treated with antiresorptive medication – a systematic literature review. Int J Implant Dent. 2016;2(1):9.

Venkatakrishnan CJ, Bhuminathan S, Chandran CR, Poovannan S. Dental implants in patients with osteoporosis – a review. Biomed Pharmacol J. 2017;10(3):1415-1418.

El Askary A. Diagnostic considerations for esthetic implant therapy. In: El Askary A, ed. Fundamentals of Esthetic Implant Dentistry. Oxford: Blackwell Munksgaard; 2007:13-78.

Yuan Q, Xiong QC, Gupta M, et al. Dental implant treatment for renal failure patients on dialysis: a clinical guideline. Int J Oral Sci. 2017;9(3):125–132.

Published
2020-01-21
How to Cite
Al-Safadi, R., Al-Gannass, T., Al-Baraki, A., Fnais, N. B., Abomelha, A., Al-Shuaibi, M., Hamami, A., Al-Turki, R., Al-Sugair, H., & Mohammed, R. (2020). Patterns of Prosthetic Treatment Modalities in Implant Dentistry in a Saudi Population. International Journal of Emerging Trends in Science and Technology, 7(01), 6871-6878. https://doi.org/10.18535/ijetst/v7i1.02

Most read articles by the same author(s)